Java Development Frameworks 2024

Java Development Frameworks 2024

Frameworks reduce the amount of time and energy a developer spends on developing software. They provide a working system that can be tailored to the specific needs of a program by extending it.

A Java developer can use a number of different frameworks. The best ones for front-end development are Angular and React.

1. Grails

Built on the Groovy programming language, Grails offers Java developers a web framework that is less complicated than other full-stack applications. It features convention-over-configuration, and a plugin system for adding functionality.

Grails also provides automatic database migrations and versioning. This ensures that the application and database are in sync, which is something many Web apps struggle with.

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The framework offers a flat learning curve for Java programmers and is supported by a large community of developers. It is also well-integrated with established Java technologies such as Spring, Hibernate and GORM. Grails also boasts a flexible plugin system that enables developers to use AngularJS or React for the frontend. It also has advanced domain, controller and view advancement features. This makes Grails an excellent choice for enterprise-level projects that require a robust, fast-performing and user-centric Web application.

2. Vaadin

Vaadin provides a fully type-safe Java framework and large library of customizable UI components. It handles all the client-server communication and DOM manipulation behind the scenes, so developers don’t need to write HTML or JavaScript to update content. It is also more secure because UI logic runs on the server instead of in the browser.

With a modern Web Components architecture, Vaadin supports progressive web apps. This means your web app will be able to install, scale visually to fit any screen size, and support offline functionality.

Moreover, Vaadin has an extensive ecosystem for data processing needs and is used by companies like Siemens to develop online applications. However, its opinionated setup and bundled libraries may limit flexibility. Additionally, it’s not as responsive as other frontend frameworks.

3. JavaFX

A modern technology stack, JavaFX uses CSS for styling and FXML to create user interfaces, making it easy for developers to use familiar tools and techniques. It also provides a clear separation of UI and logic, reducing development time and promoting code maintainability.

JavaFX also offers a self-contained application deployment model, allowing developers to create applications that can be distributed as native packages. This approach eliminates dependencies on the system Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and gives users a more consistent experience across platforms. In addition, it has a mature ecosystem and extensive documentation.

4. AWT

AWT is one of the most basic Java development frameworks, which allows developers to create drawing applications and other graphical user interfaces. It hides the underlying GUI details, allowing programmers to focus on writing code for their application.

At the lowest level, the operating system transmits mouse and keyboard input to the Java program, and provides pixels for its output. AWT allows the programmer to ignore these low-level issues by implementing a well-designed object-oriented interface.

AWT’s core features include widgets, containers and events. Widgets are graphical elements that make up the UI, while containers provide a way to group a set of UI components together. Lastly, AWT includes layout management tools that allow developers to determine how the components in their container are arranged.

5. JavaFX 2D

JavaFX is a modern UI framework that works seamlessly with modern Java standards and platforms. It’s the recommended UI toolkit for Java applications and receives regular updates and improvements.

The platform offers a wide variety of built-in UI controls that help developers build feature-rich software applications. Its modular architecture allows for the separation of UI design and business logic, facilitating code organization and maintenance. It also supports CSS styling to provide a consistent look and feel across multiple platforms.

Its scene graph API enables developers to create complex scenes composed of graphical elements (nodes) that can be manipulated and rendered with efficiency and ease. This API also provides support for multitouch gestures, hardware-accelerated graphics, and rich media support. It also integrates with other Java technologies and IDEs to speed up development time.

6. JavaFX 3D

In today’s digital landscape, user engagement relies heavily on captivating visuals and seamless interactivity. To this end, incorporating 3D graphics into JavaFX applications is vital.

The framework supports a variety of multimedia, including audio and video. Additionally, it offers a set of built-in UI controls that are not dependent on any operating system. It also provides a scene graph that enables complex 2D and 3D graphic rendering. Its architecture is also compatible with CSS, allowing developers to apply this style guide to their apps.

Other key features include form validation and a customizable appearance. It also encourages developers to adopt a model-view-controller (MVC) architecture. Furthermore, its clear structure and custom tags reduce the amount of boilerplate code required, resulting in faster development time. Moreover, the framework is well-suited for multilingual applications and supports internationalization.

7. Wicket

It is a component-oriented, server-side Java web framework for building complex Web applications reaping the benefits of object oriented programming. It enables developers to write UI code in Java, automating client-server communication and DOM manipulation behind the scene.

Its declarative model separates the UI from the underlying logic. HTML templates define page structure, and Java classes bind logic to the template elements. This allows a seamless collaboration between designers and developers. It has a rich set of built-in functionality including responsive design, multilingual support, non-blocking approach for high concurrency and scalability.

Wicket is stateful, maintaining component state across requests, simplifying data management. It’s also secure by default: URLs do not expose sensitive information and all component paths are session-relative unless explicitly shared. It enables a fine-grained control of the amount of model state transferred to the browser, reducing memory and network load.


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